The will of William Bastard (1722-1771)

William is a 1st cousin 9 x removed of mine, being a first cousin of my direct ancestor Æneas Symons. William was a ‘glover’, which conjures up in my mind the image of a poor person sitting in a humble cottage stitching away at gloves; however I think this will makes it clear that this is not what William was doing. Rather, I imagine he was running a glove making business. The occupations he mentions of those from whom he had loans (highlighted in green) makes it clear he was in contact with those who dealt with the production and selling of leather, the leather from which presumably gloves would be amonst the items made. The only loans from people not involved with leather or gloves were Exeter folk. The places in which the loan-suppliers lived (highlighted in yellow) cover a surprisingly wide area.

Quite a contrast from his cousin Æneas, who seems to have been a humble wig maker / barber in Kingsbridge. Although their grandfather Bevill Bastard was a younger son of a moderately wealthy family, William, as the oldest son of Sampson, who appears to have been Bevill’s only (or only surviving) son, would probably have inherited most.

In the Name of God Amen
I William Bastard of the City of Exon Glover being in perfect
Health of Body and of sound and disposing Mind Memory
and Understanding ^ {thanks be to Almighty God for the same Do make publish and declare this to be my last Will and Testament in manner and form following} (that is to say) First I recommend my
Soul to Almighty God that gave it and my Body I commit
to the Earth to be decently interred at the discretionof my
Executrix hereinafter named also I do hereby charge all my
lands Goods Chattels Real and personal Estate whatsover
and wheresoever which I shall die possessed of or be
entitled unto at the time of my death with the payment
of a certain Bond which I gave to Trustees previous to
my Intermarriage with my Dear Wife Margaret Bastard
for seven hundred pounds as in and by the said Bond
relation being thereunto had will appear and after payment
of the said Bond of seven hundred pounds and all my just
debts contracted since the Month of August in the year
of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and sixty
one And whereas I was at that time obliged to make a
Composition with the several persons ^ {herein after mentioned} and there now
remains due to them the several Sums also hereinafter
mentioned (to wit) to John Holloway of Yeovil in the
County of Somerset Glover for himself and Mary King
of the same place Widow his Mother in Law deceased
the Sum of twenty five pounds and ten Shillings, to John
Mayo of the City of Bristol Skinner the Sum of eight pounds
sixteen Shillings to William Pocock of the City of London
Leather seller the Sum of fifty three pounds to Samuel
Stephens of Saint Thomas the Apostle in the County of
Devon Leather Dresser the Sum of eighteen pounds eighteen
shillings to Mary Stooke Widow and Executrix of Clement
Hooke late of the City of Exon aforesaid Grocer deceased the
Sum of forty five pounds to Francis Bidwell of the said
City of Exon Merchant the Sum of fifty pounds to the
Executor or administrator of William Allenbridge late of
Donyatt in the County of Somerset Glover deceased the
Sum of seventeen pounds twelve Shillings to Thomas
Binford of the said City of Exon Merchant the Sum of eighty
one pounds to Andrew Danbuey of the City of Bristol
aforesaid Skinner the Sum of thirty three pounds twelve
Shillings to Walter Hill of the City of Worcester Glover
the Sum of thirteen pounds to Jonas Dennis of the said
City of Exon Salter the Sum of one hundred and two
pounds to the Executor or administrator of Ann Rich
[p.2]
late of the City of Exon aforesaid Widow deceased the
Sum of nine pounds All which said Sums put together
make the Sum of four hundred and fifty seven pounds
eight Shillings which said Sum of four hundred and fifty
seven pounds and eight Shillings in order to make the
said Creditors Satisfaction I hereby charge the
Remainder of my said Lands Goods Chattels Real and
personal Estate whatsover and wheresoever after
payment of the aforesaid Bond for seven hundred
pounds unto my said Wife Margaret Bastard and the
said debts contracted by me since the said Month of
August in the said year of our Lord one thousand
seven hundred and sixty one as aforesaid with the
payment of and for the more effectual and speedy
payment of the several debts to the several persons afore
mentioned I do hereby after payment and discharge
of the before mentiond Bond of seven hundred pounds
given In Trust for my said Wife as aforesaid and the
said debts contracted by me since the said Month of
August in the said year of our Lord one thousand seven
hundred and sixty one as aforesaid give and bequeath
unto the aforesaid Samuel Stephens and Thomas
Furlong the younger of the City of Exon aforesaid Gentleman
and the Survivor of them the aforesaid Sum of four hundred
and fifty seven pounds eight Shillings to be paid unto them
or the Survivor of them within six Months after my decease
(the Bond of seven hundred pounds In Trust for my said
wife the said Debts contracted by me since the said
Month of August in the said Year of our Lord one
thousand seven hundred and sixty one as aforesaid
my Funeral Charges and the Expences attending
proving this my Will being first paid and discharged
In Trust for the payment of the several Sums respectively
due to the several persons abovementioned and my Will
is and I do hereby order and direct my said Trustees and
the Survivor of them that after they have received or the
Survivor of them hath received the said Sum of four
hundred and fifty seven pounds eight Shillings that
they or the Survivor ^ {of them} do apply the same towards the
payment of the said severall Sums to the said several
persons before mentioned as soon as conveniently
may be after receiving the same and my Will further is
that if my said Trustees and the Survivor of them shall
not receive the full Sum of four hundred and fifty seven
pounds eight Shillings that then the aforesaid John
Holloway for himself and Mary King John Mayo William
Pocock Samuel Stephens Mary Stooke Francis Bidwell the
Executor or Administrator of William Allenbridge Thomas
Binford Andrew Danbuey Walter Hill Jonas Dennis and
the Executor or Administrator of Ann Rich and every and
each of them shall be paid by my said Trustees and the
Survivor of them in proportion to the respective debt or
[p.3]
debts due to them respectively and I do hereby further
order and direct my said Trustees and the Survivor of
them that they or the Survivor of them do as soon as
conveniently may be after my decease sell and dispose
of all my Lands Goods Chattels Real and personal
Estate whatsover and wheresoever that I shall be possessed
of or intitled unto at the time of my death (immediately
after that shall happen) for the best price or prices that can
be got for the same and with the Moneys arising by such
Sales first to pay off and discharge the said Bond of
seven hundred pounds given In Trust to my said Wife as
aforesaid then to pay off and discharge all such Debts as I
shall have contracted since the said Month of August
in the said year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred
and sixty one my Funeral Charges and the Charges of
proving this ^ {my} Will as aforesaid and with the Remander
to pay off and discharge the said several Sums to the
said several persons before mentioned as aforesaid or such
proportions of such said several Sums as they my said
Trustees shall receive and if any Moneys shall then
remain in the Hands of my said Trustees I do hereby
order and direct that the same shall be put out at
Interest by my said Trustees on the best Security that
can be got for the same and the Interest arising thereby to be
paid and applied for and towards the sole use and Benefit of
my said Wife Margaret Bastard for and during her natural
Life and from and after her decease I do hereby give such
Remainder to be equally divided between my two Brothers
Sampson Bastard and James Bastard their Heirs Executors
Administrators and Assigns And my Will further is and I do
hereby order and direct that my said Trustees and the
Survivor of them shall reimburse to himself and themselves
all such reasonable Costs and Expences as they or either of
them shall be at or put unto for or by means of the
Executor of the Trust hereby in them reposed and that
my said Trustees shall not be answerable or accountable
the one for the act of the other of them but each of them
for his own act only And Lastly all the Rest Residue and
Remainder of my said Lands Goods Chattels Credits Real and
personal Estate whatsoever and wheresoever that I shall be
possessed of or intitled unto at the time of my death I do
hereby give devise and bequeath the same to my said
Wife Margaret Bastard and do make and ordaine her
to be the whole and sole Executrix and Residuary Legatee
of this my last Will and Testament In Witness whereof I have
to this my last Will and Testament contained in one
sheet of paper to the bottom of the first side set and
subscribed my Name and and on the other side my Name and
Seal this fourth Day of November in the year of our Lord
(SS) /-/ Signed Sealed published and declared by the Testator
William Bastard as and for his last Will and Testament in
[p.4]
the presence of us who have subscribed our Names as Witnesses
thereto in the presence of the said Testator and of each other
of us after interliving the Words – aforesaid – in the twelfth
Line and – and the Interest arising thereby to be paid and
applied for and towards – in the last Line but one of the
first side of this my Will – Chas FurlongJas Mason
This Will was proved at London on the twenty
second day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand
seven hundred and seventy one before the Right Worshipful
George Hay Doctor of Laws Master Keeper or Commissary
of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury lawfully constituted
by the oath of Margaret otherwise Margarett Bastard
Widow the Relict of the Deceased and sole Executrix named
in the said Will to whom Administration of the Goods Chatt[el]s
and Credits of the Deceased was granted she having been first
sworn by Com[miss]con duly to administer

Exr.


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