Closest ancestor with the surname: William Bastard
, married in Stokenham in 1739, and had 11 children baptised in that parish between 1739/40 and 1760.
William seems to have been the great grandson of one Joseph Bastard and his wife Joane Pope, who married in 1639/40, Joseph being 'of Charleton' at the time of his marriage. Although there already were Bastards in Stokenham, Joseph does seem to have been baptized, and so probably born, in Charleton, in 1612. His father and grandfather were both called John; the latter married in Charleton, but his place of baptism was probably before the start of Parish Registers and so must remain a mystery.
There is a possibility that Manorial Court or other documents will enable us to get back further, but more likely this is as far as it will be possible to trace this Bastard line.
I have another link with the family in the shape of Ally / Alice Bastard Symonds
, baptised in Kingsbridge in 1732/33. She was probably given the middle name Bastard because it was a family surname (though occasionally there can be another connection), most commonly a surname given as a middle name was the mother's maiden name, often that of a grandmother. In this case Alice's mother seems to have been born a Shepherd, not a Bastard, but I don't know the maiden name of either of her grandmothers, so it could well be one of them.
Early in the novel Lorna Doone
, in chapter II, R.D. Blackmore wrote "But others were of high family, as any need be, in Devon — Carews, and Bouchiers, and Bastards
". And Blackmore was not making this up - the Bastards have been an important family in Devon for centuries.
The first we know of a Bastard family in Devon is from the Doomsday Book, which records one Robert Bastard as a holder of land ("tenant in chief") in the county in 1086. There is some suggestion that he was a son of William the Conqueror. The latter was himself illegitimate, and sometimes referred to as William the Bastard; one wonders if it was this that has led to the suggestion that Robert was his son, although if true it seems more likely that Robert had the "surname" because he too was illegitimate. He clearly was not the son of William and his wife Matilda, to whom William is believed to have been unusually faithful. But he may have had several pre-marital illegitimate offspring, including Robert. (source / more information)
An alternative family for Robert Bastard is provided on the Kitley House Hotel website
which suggests that Robert was descended from the French Bastardiene line.
This depends on “Généalogie de la Maison de Bastard”, published in Paris in 1848; Victorian research was often not reliable and of course fraught with far more difficulties than we face today (and those can be bad enough!). It shows descent from:
- Rahier, Lord of Bastardiene-sur-Sevre c.1040;
- the name derived from an illegitimate son of Alan Short-Beard, Duke of Brittany c.950;
- Alan Short-Beard was a descendant of Rivallon, Count of Poher in Cornwall c850.
It claims that Robert Bastard was a Breton follower of Alan Fargent who sailed with William, Duke of Normandy, and after the Conquest settled in Devon, later generations moving back to their ancestral homeland in Cornwall.
Although surnames were not usually hereditary at this time, R. A. McKinley in "The Surnames of Devon" (1995, main author David Postles) points out that the names of half a dozen of the 1086 tenants in chief became hereditary surnames of Devon land-owning families, Bastard amongst them.
The largest of the Bastard family memorials in West Alvington Church
By 1275 one Sir Richard Bastard was Lord of Efford, on the edge of Plymouth. In that year a John Besilles, Lord of Alfyntone (now West Alvington), issued a quitclaim to Geoffrey de Wrockshale.The deed refers to messuages and lands etcetera at what was then called Garstone, thus indicating that the Bessilles also owned that property.
One of a number of shields at Kitley House (one time home of Bastards, see below) shows Bastard impaling Besilles. It was probably through the marriage that the shield represents that the Bastard family acquired the Gerston estate and became Lords of West Alvington. (source)
In the late seventeenth century a William Bastard of Gerston married Ann, heiress of the Pollexfen fortunes, and so the family home of the Bastards became Kitley House at Yealmpton, although their son, given Pollexfen as a Christian name, had children baptised at West Alvington in the eighteenth century, the last in 1730, and his widow was still "of Gerston" when she died in 1774. (sources: Kitley House website
, South Hams genealogy website
, will ref on TNA website
Thus the Bastard family, probable descendants of the 1086 tenant in chief Robert Bastard, and possible descendants of William the Conqueror, may have had a home in West Alvington for some four to five hundred years. It seems to me likely that the concentration of Bastards in this part of the South Hams is due to some "younger sons" moving from Gerston to other locations in the neighbourhood, and over the centuries losing their status.
West Alvington is only about 8 miles from Stokenham, and it seems likely that my Stohenham descendants are amongst those descended from the Gerston Bastards. And Kingsbridge is even closer, West Alvington village being less than a mile from the centre of Kingsbridge.