Richard LOYND

Male 1800 - 1882  (~ 81 years)    Has 2 ancestors and 36 descendants in this family tree.


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  • Name Richard LOYND 
    Relationshipwith Andrew GOTHAM
    Born Chatburn, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location 
    • From censuses
    Baptised 18 Apr 1800  St. James’ Church, Clitheroe, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location 
    • From PR and BT entries (images on Ancestry, viewed 4 Dec 2018)
      'Richard Son of James & Mary Loynd of Chatburn bapt. Aprl. 18th'
    Gender Male 
    Court Charged with intent to do GBH 
    29 Mar 1823  Lancaster, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location 
    • The Lancaster Gaol Register Of Crown Cases records:
      "Richard Loynd, Committed by the Revd. James Quartley, 22nd, March 1823, Charged with having wilfully and maliciously stabbed and cut William Sharples at Blackburn, with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm. Assizes 29th. March 1823 No Bill
      Discharged by Proclamation."
      Although this is mentioned in the local papers no more details are given.
      (from TNA doc. PCOM2/441 - image on FMP, viewed 5 Dec 2018)
    Miscellaneous Accused of Bigamy 
    1846 
    • Although police would arrest, question and secure someone accused of bigamy, they did not generally prosecute, usually this only happened if someone wished to bring a case against the bigamist, sometimes the true spouse who had been deserted, most often the spouse who found the marriage they had entered into was invalid as their supposed husband or wife was already married. It is not clear who raised the matter in Richard's case. It seems quite likely to be Margaret Towers who he had married bigamously, as it appears their relationship had ended. Soon after  his imprisonment Richard was living with Mary, so it seems he did not return to Margaret. There is no evidence as to whether Richard and Margaret had already fallen out or whether it was the discovery of the bigamy that ended their relationship.
    Court Charged in the County Magistrates' Court 
    9 Feb 1846  County Court Room, Town Hall, Little Bolton, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location 
    • "Bigamy. - Richard Loynd, shoemaker, was charged with bigamy. Mr. Gaskell called Thomas Heelis, bleacher, of Little Bolton, who proved that Loynd was married in October, 1823, to Alice Hardman, at the Parish Church, in Bolton; - he was present at the ceremony; his first wife is still living. Andrew Collins deposed that he witnessed the marriage of the prisoner to Margaret Edwards [sic], on the 1844, in Warrington Parish Church. Robert Murry produced the certificates of the marriage of Loynd at Bolton, and also in Warrington. When Murray took the prisoner into custody, he acknowledged that he had married a second wife, because his first wife allowed another man to take liberties with her. Loynd was committed for trial at Liverpool assizes."
      (from The Bolton Chronicle and South Lancashire Advertiser, 11 Feb 1846, p. 3, col. 5)
      It was also reported in the Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, with some different details included:
      "Bigamy. - At the County Court Room, Town Hall, Little Bolton, on Monday last, Richd Loynd, a middle aged man, a shoemaker, with grey locks, was brought up on a charge of bigamy. It appeared that he was married at the parish church of Bolton, on the 12th October, 1823, by which wife he had several children. They did not live upon the best of terms, and in 1843 he left her, and went to reside at Warrington, where, on the following year, he married a young female of nineteen years of age, named Margaret Towers, with whom he had since lived until apprehended. He was fully committed for trial at the ensuing assizes."
      (p. 7, col. 1)
    Court Trial for Bigamy at the Assizes 
    21 Mar 1846  Liverpool, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location 
    • Richard, shown as aged 46, was tried, found guilty and sentenced to 6 months imprisonment with hard labour. This seems a fairly average sentence. Out of 5 bigamy cases listed on the same page in a Home Office criminal register, all tried the same day and court, one man was sentenced to a year, one woman to 4 months, and the other 3, one woman and 2 men, including Richard, to 6 months. The reason for the variation is not clear. Richard was the oldest and had had 9 children with his true wife, the oldest of whom was only just 21 at the time of the trial, the youngest 7, so his action probably resulted in the most hardship. (The bigamist sentenced to a year was aged only 23 so can't have deserted a large family).  Three of the 5 cases were reported in the Daily News of 26 Mar 1846 (p. 7, col. 6), in a report of the assizes for the Northern Circuit held in Liverpool, in the Crown Court, before Mr. Justice Patteson. Jane Killan had left a marriage with 6 surviving children, yet got just 4 months. This may well have been because the crime was primarily considered to be against the person duped into believing they were married; in her case it sounds as though the man she bigamoulsy married was aware that she was not free to marry. There is no explanation as to why young James Jackson was sentenced to 12 months; no children were mentioned. Hopwever, it seems reasonable to suppose the woman who he wronged by marrying when he was not free to do so was probably also young and maybe this led to her being considered more injured by his action. Richard's conviction was reported thus:   
      "Richard Loynd, 46, pleaded guilty to having feloniously married Margaret Towers, his former wife being alive at the time. - He was sentenced to six months' imprisonment to hard labour."

      It seems likely that his expereince of imprisonment led Richard to living with Mary as man and wife without any ceremony, to avoid the risk of any future punishment.
    Occupation Shoemaker 
    Died Sep Q 1882  Burnley Reg Dist, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location 
    • GRO ref: LOYND, Richard q3 1882 aged 81 Burnley RD 8e 159
    Person ID I5803  Gothams
    Last Modified 24 Apr 2019 

    Father James LOYND,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Mother Mary,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children
    +1. Richard LOYND,   c. 18 Apr 1800, St. James’ Church, Clitheroe, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sep Q 1882, Burnley Reg Dist, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 81 years)
     
    Family ID F8051  Family Group Page  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Alice SINGLETON,   b. Abt 1798, Bolton, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Type: Separated 
    12 Oct 1823  St. Peter’s Church, Bolton-le-Moors, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location 
    • Bolton in 1823 from account of court appearance of Richard for bigamy.
      Precise date and church from PR entry (image on FamilySearch, viewed 24 Apr 2019)
      This shows Richard Loyond [sic] bachelor married Alice Hardman widow by Banns 
    Separated Abt 1843 
    • The newspaper reports when Richard was charged with bigamy report that Richard and Alice did not live upon the best of terms, and in 1843 Richard left Alice, and went to reside at Warrington. He claimed he had left her because she allowed another man to take liberties with her.
      This may be true, but it is noticeable that Richard's following 3 relationships were all with men a good number of years younger than him, so maybe he was no longer happy with Alice, a year or so his senior,  leading to her straying. Who know? - we can only speculate.
    Children 
     1. James LOYND,   c. 14 Mar 1825, Bent, Oldham, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Mary LOYND,   b. Abt 1826, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. Peter LOYND,   b. Abt 1828, Bolton, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Gihon LOYND,   b. Abt 1831, Bolton, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sep Q 1900, Bolton Reg Dist, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 69 years)
     5. David LOYND,   b. Abt 1832, Rochdale, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     6. William LOYND,   b. Abt 1834, Bolton, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     7. Richard LOYND,   b. Oct 1837,   bur. 21 Dec 1837, St. Peter’s Church, Bolton-le-Moors, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 0 years)
     8. Ellen LOYND,   b. Oct 1837,   bur. 26 Dec 1837, St. Peter’s Church, Bolton-le-Moors, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 0 years)
     9. Thomas LOYND,   b. Sep Q 1839, Bolton, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 24 Apr 2019 
    Family ID F8019  Family Group Page  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Margaret TOWERS,   b. Abt 1824,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Type: Illegal marriage: bigamy 
    25 Mar 1844  St. Elphin’s Church, Warrington, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location 
    • GRO ref: LOYND, Richard to TOWERS, Margaret q1 1844  Warrington RD 20 626
      Details from PR entry (image on FamilySearch)
      According to the entry Richard Loynd, aged 44, Bachelor, Shoemaker, abode Warrington, son of James Loynd, shoemaker
      married
      Margaret Towers, aged 18, Spinster, no occupation, abode Warrington, daughter of Daniel Towers, butcher
      Richard and Margaret made their marks, as did witnesses Andrew Collin and Elizabeth Casseday
      (neither Andrew nor Elizabeth were regular witnesses, not parish clerk, but probably friends or relations)
    Separated Bef 1846 
    • Richard and Margaret seem to have parted company before he was tried for bigamy in 1846 - possibly because of Margaret learning that she was not actually married to him, due to bigamy.
    Last Modified 24 Apr 2019 
    Family ID F8018  Family Group Page  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Mary GOOHAN,   b. Abt 1824, Ireland See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Type: Unmarried, lived as man & wife 
    Abt 1847 
    • Richard and Mary seem to have entered into a relationship and probably started living as though man and wife from about 1847, since the birth of their first child together was registered in the second quarter of 1848.
    Separated Between 13 Jul 1849 and 30 Mar 1851 
    • Between the registration of the birth of their second child together and the 1851 census.
    Married? N 
    Children 
    +1. Margaret GOTHAM,   b. Jun Q 1848, Clitheroe, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location,   d. Dec Q 1913, Rochdale Reg Dist, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 65 years)
    +2. Jane GOTHAM,   b. 13 Jul 1849, Old Hall, Clitheroe, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Jun 1905, 15, Grimshaw Street, Darwen, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years)
    Last Modified 24 Apr 2019 
    Family ID F8010  Family Group Page  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 Betsy KERSHAW,   b. Abt 1816, Small Bridge, Rochdale, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location,   d. Jun Q 1885, Burnley Reg Dist, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 69 years) 
    Married 28 Mar 1864  Parish Church, Blackburn, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location 
    • From the PR entry (image on Ancestry, viewed 4 Dec 2018)
      GRO ref: Loynd, Richard to Ogden, Betsy q1 1864 Blackburn RD 8e 321
    Children 
     1. Henry LOYND,   b. Jun Q 1858, Oldham, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 4 Dec 2018 
    Family ID F8020  Family Group Page  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map Click to hide
    Link to Google MapsBaptised - 18 Apr 1800 - St. James’ Church, Clitheroe, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
    Link to Google MapsChild born - Mary LOYND - Abt 1826 - Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
    Link to Google MapsChild born - Peter LOYND - Abt 1828 - Bolton, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
    Link to Google MapsChild born - Gihon LOYND - Abt 1831 - Bolton, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
    Link to Google MapsChild born - David LOYND - Abt 1832 - Rochdale, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
    Link to Google MapsChild born - William LOYND - Abt 1834 - Bolton, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
    Link to Google MapsChild born - Thomas LOYND - Sep Q 1839 - Bolton, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
    Link to Google MapsCourt - Trial for Bigamy at the Assizes - 21 Mar 1846 - Liverpool, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
    Link to Google MapsChild born - Margaret GOTHAM - Jun Q 1848 - Clitheroe, Lancashire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
     = Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install) 
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