The Revd. Mr. Thomas GOTHAM

Male 1699 - 1756  (~ 56 years)    Has 2 ancestors and 52 descendants in this family tree.


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  • Name Thomas GOTHAM 
    Prefix The Revd. Mr. 
    Relationshipwith Andrew GOTHAM
    Born
    • Shown as son of Matthew, of Morchard, Devon, gent. in Alumni Oxoniensis.
    Baptised 26 Dec 1699  St. Mary’s Church, Morchard Bishop, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Education From 19 Mar 1718/19 to 1722  Exeter College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location 
    University 
    • Alumni Oxoniensis shows that Thomas matriculated on 19 March 1718/19, aged 20 and gratuated B.A. in 1722. 
    Occupation From 8 Jul 1723  Cheldon, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location 
    Curate of Cheldon 
    • From the CCEd website - Cheldon page.

      Cheldon was the smallest of the parishes in which Thomas was curate (population wise, but quite likely geographically too). In the (a href="http://foda.org.uk/visitations/1744/Chanter225B/Cheldon.htm">Episcopal Visitation Returns of 1744 it was said to have just 18 families. William Pearse was Rector there from 1708 to 1737; clearly there would not have been enough work in the parish for him to justify employing a curate to assist, it seems probable that Thomas looked after the parish for an absentee Rector, or a man of leisure, though for the first two years when Thoams was a deacon, then a priest, possibly William Pearse, must have been present at least a few days a year to celebrate Communion.The BTs made during Thomas's time as curate are clearly written out and signed by him, though not all are dated. He was clearly still present on 23 Mar 1728/9 as that is the date of the last event in the BTs for 1728. This is only just over a year before he was licensed as curate of Lydford and Brentor, so I think it safe to assumed that Thomas moved from Cheldon to Lydford, and did not have another curacy inbetween.
      It should probably be possible to find out more by looking at the PR entries for Cheldon on FMP (when I next have a sub), and seeing which entries were in Thomas's hand. (The BTs for the year 1729 may have been by Thomas as well, but they appear not to survive).
    Ordained 18 Jul 1725  Chapel of the Blessed Virgin Mary, The Bishop’s Palace, Exeter, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location 
    To the Priesthood 
    • Thomas was ordained priest by Bishop the Bishop of Exeter, Stephen Weston (from the CCEd website, citing the Ordination Register)
    Occupation From 19 Jun 1730 to 1735  Lydford, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location 
    Curate of Lydford 
    • Licensed on the 10 or 19th June (appears to be a typo on the CCED website which shows different dates in different fields).
      Glancing at the Lydford PRs it is clear most, possibly all, of the register entries from the time of Thomas's licensing as curate to the middle of 1735 were written by Thomas; presumably he also conducted the baptism, marriage and funeral services. There ceasing to be in Thomas's hand from mid-1735 would seem to confirm that Thomas's time as curate of Lydford ended when he took on the curacy of Bridestowe with Stourton in 1735.
      The Rector who employed Thomas as curate in Lydford was one Thomas Burnaford - probably a close relation of the Peter Burnaford who subsequently employed him in Bridestowe.
      Thomas was curate of Brentor at the same time as being curate of Lydford; it appears it was the norm for the curate of Brentor to have that small responsibility in addition to another position.

      If Brentor was small both in terms of both population and geographically, the same was not true of Lydford, as it encompassed the whole of the forest of Dartmoor.
      However, most of this was sparesely populated, and the area around Hexworthy and Sherberton were at thie time treated as though part of the parish of Widecombe in the Moor.
    Occupation From 27 Jun 1730 to May 1735  Brentor, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location 
    Curate of Brentor 
    • The CCED website shows Thomas was licensed on 27 June 1730 as curate of Brent Tor (the ecclesiastical name of the parish, otherwise known as Brentor).
      He was Curate from 1731-1735 from the list of clergy in the Church guide: 'Saint Michael of the Rock with Christ Church'.
      Brentor was unusual in being a 'perpetual curacy', with no Rector or Vicar.
      Although a few years after Thomas had moved on, we may assume the Episcopal Visitation Return of 1744 gives a good picture of how things were in Thomas's time. Particularly of interest in the return is this reply:
      "There is no Parsonage House at Brentorr; It is neither a Rectory nor Vicarage, but a Curacy of fifteen pounds per annum paid by a Subscription of the Parishioners, whose Estates are Tithe:free. The never have a Resident Curate as not allowing a Sufficient maintenance for him; but the Cure is Serv'd by Some Neighbouring Minister licens'd thereto by the Bishop." 

      As a single man without a family Thomas could have rented a room and lived on £15 a year, but he didn't have to, he was curate in Lydford as well. The 2 curacies were not always held together; the 1744 curate was resident in Sydenham Damerel, while the other responsibilities of the curate in 1779 were in Peter Tavy.
    Occupation From 1735 to 1756  Bridestowe, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location 
    Curate of Bridestowe with Sourton 
    • In the burial register for Sourton there is a change of handwriting part way through the entries for 1735, from the burial for 18 April to that on 5 August. The page is signed at the bottom 'Tho: Gotham Curate' in the same handwriting that took over in 1735, confirming that Thomas had now moved to be curate of Sourton. Bridestow registers show the same change; the earliest baptism or burial at either church entered in Thomas's hand was a baptism at Bridestow on 1st July 1735.   At the time of the 1744 Episcopal Visitation, the Bishop of Exeter circulated a printed questionnaire to all of the incumbend clergy in advance of the visitation.
      (background information about the visitations can be found on the FODA website)
      The questions asked can be seen here.

      At that time, the income attached to be a Vicar or Rector varied between parishes, and those who had the right to the 'gift' of a parish could give the right to be Vicar or Rector to family members or sell it. Some clergy owned several such rights, and could only look after one of the parishes, or for other reasons did not wish to look after any. They then paid a curate a smaller sum to look after the parish. This was the situation in Bridestowe, and it's daughter church / chapel of Sourton. The Rector was one Peter Burnaford, who became Rector on 10 October 1734, and remained as such, though living in Lamerton, until his death on 23 Dec 1778. For over 20 years until Thomas's death he paid Thomas Gotham to be curate in the parish.

      Burnaford's answers to the visitation show that Thomas Gotham was not living in the parsonage, but in his own house in the Parish. Burnaford paid Thomas £40 per year. There was only a requirement for a service at Sourton every third Sunday, and this was what happened: "Divine Service is perform'd in my Church of Bridestow, on all Sundays & Holy Days with a Sermon ye Morning, excepting of Every third Lord's Day or Sunday; when my Curate then performs Divine Service at Sourton with a Sermon in ye Morning, & at Bridestow in the Afternoon then."
      There was a Communion service only four times a year (the norm at that time) at Bridestowe, with no mention of any at Sourton. Of about 70 communicatnts in the parish, Burnaford claimed 40 usually received, with 50 having communicated the previous Easter.
      One of Thomas's responsibilities was to teach children the catechism. The extent to which this was done is very variable, from most Sunday afternoons to just a couple. In some parishes the clergy reported difficulty in getting the children to attend. This does not seem to have been a problem in Bridestowe, as Burnaford wrote "The Children are Catachiz'd, about six Times in ye year as my Curate tells me, on Sundays in ye afternoon as require'd by ye Canon. The Parishoners send their Children & Servts to be instructed in their Catachism." The overseers of the poor could ensure that children of poor families were maintained by placing them as parish apprentices; this was done widely in Devon, more it seems than in many other parts of the country, and children could be so placed from the age of seven. This explaints the mention of servants as well as "their Children" in the response.

      Although Burnaford claimed Bridestowe and Sourton churches were only 1.5 miles apart, the fairly direct road route is 1.9 miles, still not too far, and Thomas may have been able to cut a little off using a footpath or bridleway. Sourton is close to the open moor, but the route between the 2 is away from the moor, through a land of small fields.

      (thanks to FODA for making the visitation information readily available - the full reply can be found on this page on their website)
         

      There is nothing on the CCEd website's information for Bridestowe referring to Thomas's position there; much of the information there relates to inductions.
    Buried 17 Jan 1756  St. Bridget’s Church, Bridestowe, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location 
    • "The Revd. Mr. Thomas Gotham the 17th. January"
    Notes 
    • (Research):Thomas's clerical appointments:
      The CCED website allows a search on persons - but not all persons. I have therefore done a google search restricting the search to the CCED website, and excluding from the results pages with Notts and Nottinghamshire.
      Out of the results their appeared to be just 3 regarding the surname Gotham, for 3 licensings of Thomas as curate.
    Person ID I144  Gothams | Devon: the gentrified family from Morchard Bishop
    Last Modified 9 Jul 2018 

    Father Matthew GOTHAM,   b. Abt 1670,   d. 20 Nov 1758  (Age ~ 88 years) 
    Mother Penelope,   b. Est 1672,   bur. 19 Sep 1703, St. Mary’s Church, Morchard Bishop, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 31 years) 
    Married
    • Both Matthew and his wife may have moved to Morchard Bishop from another parish, but if Matthew married a Morchard Bishop woman, then it may have been Penelope Webber, baptised there 27 May 1673.
    Children 3 children 
    Family ID F6957    |  Family Chart

    Family Ann MADDAFORD,   b. Abt 1710,   bur. 7 Jul 1797, St. Bridget’s Church, Bridestowe, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 87 years) 
    Married 23 May 1737  St. Peter’s Church, Lewtrenchard, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location 
    • "Thomas Gotham Cur:t of Bride Stow And Ann Madaford ware maried the 23: day of may 1737 "
    Children 5 children 
    Last Modified 22 Nov 2014 
    Family ID F169    |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBaptised - 26 Dec 1699 - St. Mary’s Church, Morchard Bishop, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
    Link to Google MapsEducation - University - From 19 Mar 1718/19 to 1722 - Exeter College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - Curate of Cheldon - From 8 Jul 1723 - Cheldon, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
    Link to Google MapsOrdained - To the Priesthood - 18 Jul 1725 - Chapel of the Blessed Virgin Mary, The Bishop’s Palace, Exeter, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - Curate of Lydford - From 19 Jun 1730 to 1735 - Lydford, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - Curate of Brentor - From 27 Jun 1730 to May 1735 - Brentor, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - Curate of Bridestowe with Sourton - From 1735 to 1756 - Bridestowe, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 23 May 1737 - St. Peter’s Church, Lewtrenchard, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
    Link to Google MapsChild - John GOTHAM - 15 Aug 1738 - Bridestowe, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
    Link to Google MapsChild - Anne GOTHAM - 19 Oct 1741 - St. Bridget’s Church, Bridestowe, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 17 Jan 1756 - St. Bridget’s Church, Bridestowe, Devon, England See the place on a map and other information about it - if available (many more will be in time); also all individuals with events at this location Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install)
     = Link to Google Earth (if installed; see link below to install) 
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